SDGs and the UN Human Rights Mechanisms

This section includes illustrations of linkage between the SDGs and human rights using a tool provided by the Danish Institute for Human Rights.

The SDG-Human Rights Data Explorer created by the Danish Institute for Human Rights links the recommendations of the UN Treaty Bodies, the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) and the Special Procedure under the UN Human Rights Council to the 169 SDG targets. 

Based on this tool, NKDB analysed all of the recommendations received by North Korea during the three UPR cycles and linked them to each of the respective 17 SDGs. 

SDGs through the UPR(Universal Periodic Review)

Click the graph to see more details on each goal


      1st UPR Cycle

      2nd UPR Cycle

      3rd UPR Cycle

Recommending State
Strengthen cooperation with international organizations, particularly in the areas of health, education and food
Take immediate steps to allocate proper budgetary resources to ensure protection of the rights to food, health, water and sanitation
Consider further increase in state expenditures on the health sector with a view to meeting the demand for medical supplies, including essential drugs
Continue to ensure effective functioning of the telemedicine system
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Take appropriate measures to effectively implement the Strategy for Health (2011-2015) and some other programmes on health
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Strengthen health-care services for its citizens through better training of the medical personnel, particularly in remote rural areas
Carry out a reproductive health strategy and other programmes for women's health with a view to reducing the maternal mortality rate as set out in the MDG
Take concrete measures to improve health care for women to further decrease maternal mortality
Provide the necessary resources to the health system, in order to strengthen it, and especially in order to lower child and maternal mortality rates
Continue actions to ensure that children in the most disadvantaged areas enjoy the same benefits in education and health enjoyed in urban areas
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Develop and implement more substantiated programmes and initiatives for the provision of enhanced level of the rights to education and health for all
Continue to make efforts to ensure that children with disabilities and those without parents fully enjoy their right to health, education and other social and cultural rights
Sri Lanka
Consider increasing budget allocations to the health, education and social sectors, within the Five-Year Strategy for National Economic Development, to ensure improved access to services in rural areas
Redirect its public spending in order to fulfil the right of all people in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to a standard of living adequate for their health and well-being, in line with Sustainable Development Goals 1, 2 and 3 (Netherlands);
Remove the barriers to access to education and health and provide genuinely free education and health services for its entire population
Continue to make efforts to develop education and health care, to better protect people's right to education and right to health
Develop a strategy to ensure more equal access to the rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living in rural areas
Costa Rica
Take further measures to reduce inequalities in access to health care, at an affordable cost
Strengthen its positive actions to further reduce the infant mortality and malnutrition rates in the country
Continue the development of the health sector and achieve universal health care
Continue its initiatives to improve public health services, in line with the right to health
Continue modernizing the national health system in favour of the population
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Adopt concrete measures to address the root causes of infant and child mortality, including social and economic deprivation and inequality, child malnutrition and child labour
Continue its efforts to provide persons with disabilities with equal access and rights to health care and education
Recommending State
Ensure that the rights of women, children and persons with disabilities are more effectively realized through the implementation of the strategy for the promotion of reproductive health, 2006- 2010, the national strategy for the prevention of AIDS, 2008-2012, the primary health care strategy, 2008-2012, the national action plan for the well-being for children, 2001-2010 and the comprehensive action plan for persons with disabilities, 2008-2012
Syrian Arab Republic
Take positive measures to further reduce infant mortality rates and maternal mortality rates
Syrian Arab Republic
Take measures to improve the quality of health services deteriorated due to lack of medical facilities and medicine
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Work on the enhancement of the free health care programme and free primary education, obtaining the necessary assistance through international cooperation

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