SDGs and the UN Human Rights Mechanisms

This section includes illustrations of linkage between the SDGs and human rights using a tool provided by the Danish Institute for Human Rights.

The SDG-Human Rights Data Explorer created by the Danish Institute for Human Rights links the recommendations of the UN Treaty Bodies, the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) and the Special Procedure under the UN Human Rights Council to the 169 SDG targets. 

Based on this tool, NKDB analysed all of the recommendations received by North Korea during the three UPR cycles and linked them to each of the respective 17 SDGs. 

SDGs through the UPR(Universal Periodic Review)

Click the graph to see more details on each goal


      1st UPR Cycle 

      2nd UPR Cycle 

      3rd UPR Cycle

Recommending State
Promulgate more laws and regulations on economic, social and cultural rights, to improve the legal framework concerning the exercise of human rights
Take more practical measures for the protection of children, women and other vulnerable groups and full enjoyment of their rights
Take the necessary measures to ensure the full implementation of laws on the promotion and protection of the rights of the child
Syrian Arab Republic
Encourage the participation of social organizations in the dissemination of international human rights instruments, with a view to increasing public awareness of human rights
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Strengthen efforts aiming at disseminating the human rights culture through various activities throughout the country
Make efforts to explore options and introduce new methodologies with a view to raise awareness of human rights in the country
Promote training and human rights education for public officials
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Strengthen cooperation with international organizations, particularly in the areas of health, education and food
Ensure women an equal treatment with respect to men, especially with regard to the rights to food, education and work
Strengthen its national efforts in the area of combating trafficking in persons, especially women and children, including through human rights education and training for law enforcement officials
Continue building the social structure of the country, focusing on the promotion and protection of the family as the vital unit of the society
Continue its efforts to fulfil the economic, social and cultural rights of all
Ensure equal access to social and economic rights for all citizens
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Continue actions to ensure that children in the most disadvantaged areas enjoy the same benefits in education and health enjoyed in urban areas
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Direct more attention and allocate more resources for the improvement of the quality of education
Take the necessary positive measures to modernize educational facilities with a view to successfully ensuring the enforcement of the 12-year education system
Improve further the general secondary education
Introduce advanced teaching methods to improve quality education in the country and further promote cooperation with relevant international organizations and foreign countries in this regard
Faithfully implement the national action program for education for all by 2015
Continue to make efforts to ensure that children with disabilities and those without parents fully enjoy their right to health, education and other social and cultural rights
Sri Lanka
Provide all means and resources to allow children with disabilities to enjoy the right to education and have access to sport activities
Continue to promote economic, social and culture development to provide better conditions for the enjoyment of all rights by its people
Consider seeking technical cooperation and capacity-building support from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and other international bodies in the process of implementing the law on the protection of the rights of the child
Promote international exchange to improve the quality of technical and vocational education and training
Take further measures to ensure that all citizens enjoy their civil, cultural, economic and social rights
Strengthen its efforts to overcome the challenges that negatively impact the promotion and protection of human rights and to provide adequate conditions favorable to the enjoyment of human rights in accordance with international standards
State of Palestine
Implement in an effective manner its Strategy for National Economic Development, and its Strategies for the Development of the Health Sector and for the Development of Education, for a better standard of living for its population
Continue efforts for the implementation of the National Strategy for the Development of Education (2015-2032)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Facilitate awareness-raising activities and training programmes on human rights
Further strengthen programmes to protect the rights of vulnerable groups including women, children, persons with disabilities and the elderly
Expand the measures designed to uplift the well-being of women, children, persons with disabilities and elderly people
Remove the barriers to access to education and health and provide genuinely free education and health services for its entire population
Continue to make efforts to develop education and health care, to better protect people's right to education and right to health
Develop a strategy to ensure more equal access to the rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living in rural areas
Costa Rica
Enhance measures to ensure the availability and accessibility of essential services for all and the enjoyment of rights by women, children and persons with disabilities
Continue the development of education and enable all citizens to access all stages of education
Continue to reinforce the initiatives to promote the right to education
Redouble its efforts to improve the education conditions and environment of rural schools, in order for its people to enjoy their right to education
Strive to improve the quality of the education system by allocating more resources to school infrastructure by aligning them across the entire territory of the country
Ensure a ban on corporal punishment in all settings, including at home and in educational institutions, and monitor its respect
Amend the Act on the Protection of the Rights of the Child to cover all children under the age of 18 years
Take appropriate measures to develop inclusive education for children with disabilities and ensure that it is prioritized over their placement in specialized institutions and classes
Make further efforts for the protection of persons with disabilities
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Continue its efforts to provide persons with disabilities with equal access and rights to health care and education
Further protect the rights of persons with disabilities, including its participation in the review by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Republic of Korea
Recommending State
Create a government task force to create protection programmes, provide resources for recovery and promote prevention through education and media campaigns
United States of America
Continue the implementation of the National Action Plan of Education for All, with a view to improving the quality of the system of 11 years of compulsory, free, universal education, increasing progressively the necessary resources allocated for this purpose
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Provide human rights education to all citizens and provide human rights training to judges, prosecutors and lawyers and law enforcement officials
Take concrete measures aiming at fostering a genuine human rights culture with due regard to national and regional particularities as well as historical, cultural and religious backgrounds
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Provide all children with equal opportunities to study and give them access to higher education based on their talent and individual capability
In line with previous recommendations made by the Committee on the Rights of the Child, make every effort to reinforce protection of the right to life and development of all children
Intensify its efforts to promote and protect the human rights of specific groups within society, such as women, children, disabled persons and the elderly, with a view to empowering them and alleviating their vulnerability
Work on the enhancement of the free health care programme and free primary education, obtaining the necessary assistance through international cooperation
Increase resources allocated to the education sector for better quality of education and encourage the authorities to continue their efforts in this area
Close political prison camps, eliminate discrimination based on the "songbun" system and cooperate with human rights mechanisms, including the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Give international humanitarian organizations access to provide assistance to detainees in all penitentiary facilities, including labour training camps, prisons and political prison camps, allow family visits to all detainees, and establish rules regarding the treatment of detainees in accordance with international human rights standards
End the practice of inadequately paid labour and the political mobilization of the population, which in the case of minors hinder access to education
Take further measures to prevent and combat violence against children, child forced labour and exploitation and ensure that all children have access to education

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