SDGs and the UN Human Rights Mechanisms

This section includes illustrations of linkage between the SDGs and human rights using a tool provided by the Danish Institute for Human Rights.

The SDG-Human Rights Data Explorer created by the Danish Institute for Human Rights links the recommendations of the UN Treaty Bodies, the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) and the Special Procedure under the UN Human Rights Council to the 169 SDG targets. 

Based on this tool, NKDB analysed all of the recommendations received by North Korea during the three UPR cycles and linked them to each of the respective 17 SDGs. 

SDGs through the UPR(Universal Periodic Review)

Click the graph to see more details on each goal


      1st UPR Cycle 

      2nd UPR Cycle 

      3rd UPR Cycle 

Recommending State
Continue taking concrete measures to further promote and protect human rights, particularly for women and children
Continue to implement national laws in compliance with international human rights instruments in all areas, especially on the human rights of vulnerable groups, rights of the child, women's rights, rights of persons with disabilities and elderly persons
Take more practical measures for the protection of children, women and other vulnerable groups and full enjoyment of their rights
Make further efforts to enhance awareness of rights of women and children as contained in the newly adopted laws
Take more active steps to eradicate all forms of discrimination against women
Take immediate measures to ensure gender equality
Consider further legislative and administrative measures to encourage the increase of women's participation in public life
Strengthen efforts to ensure women's representation in influential posts in national and regional government
Empower women’s participation in decision-making institutions
Ensure women an equal treatment with respect to men, especially with regard to the rights to food, education and work
Further develop measures to generate better conditions for the activities of organizations on the rights of women
Establish measures to combat discrimination and violence against women
Punish under law violence against women, establishing adequate measures to protect victims
Strengthen its national efforts in the area of combating trafficking in persons, especially women and children, including through human rights education and training for law enforcement officials
Carry out a reproductive health strategy and other programmes for women's health with a view to reducing the maternal mortality rate as set out in the MDG
Take steps aimed at eliminating violence against women, including ratifying the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
Adopt the necessary measures to implement the recommendations received from the Committee on the Rights of the Child and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
Scale up its efforts in the promotion and protection of the rights of vulnerable groups in society사회 내 취약 계층의 권리 보호와 증진을 위한 노력 확대 권고
Maintain the design of action to guarantee the well-being of its population, in particular children, women, older persons and persons with disabilities, in its economic and social development plans북한 주민 특히 아동, 여성, 노인, 장애인의 복지를 보장하기 위해 사회, 경제 발전 계획의 행동 계획 유지 권고
Further strengthen programmes to protect the rights of vulnerable groups including women, children, persons with disabilities and the elderly성, 아동, 장애인 및 노인을 포함한 취약계층의 권리를 보호하기 위한 프로그램 강화 권고
Expand the measures designed to uplift the well-being of women, children, persons with disabilities and elderly people여성, 아동, 장애인, 노인의 복지를 증진시키기 위한 대책 확대 권고
Enhance measures to ensure the availability and accessibility of essential services for all and the enjoyment of rights by women, children and persons with disabilities여성, 아동, 장애인의 모든 권리와 그 권리의 향유를 위해 필요한 서비스에 대한 접근성 및 서비스의 유용성을 보장하기 위한 조치 강화 권고
Take immediate measures to ensure gender equality and protect women from gender-based violence양성평등을 보장하고 여성을 성에 기반한 폭력으로부터 보호하기 위한 즉각적 조치 시행 권고
Implement measures to ensure gender equality in practice, and end impunity for violence against women and girls성평등의 실질적 보장 및 여성, 소녀에 대한 폭력 근절을 위한 조치 시행 권고
Strengthen measures to address the gaps in the promotion and protection of the rights of women and children여성과 아동의 권리 증진,보호 및 격차 해소 강화 권고
Develop and adopt a comprehensive plan of action to promote women's rights and their empowerment, and monitor and assess its implementation여성의 권리와 권한을 증진하기 위한 종합적인 행동 계획의 개발 및 채택, 그 구현의 감시 및 평가 권고
Continue efforts to stop violence against children and to empower women to access leadership positions in government institutions아동에 대한 폭력 근절 및 여성들의 정부 기관의 지도부 진출을 위한 지속적 노력 권고
Take concrete action to increase the recruitment of female officers and strengthen their roles in the policymaking agencies여성공무원 채용확대 및 정책결정기관에서의 역할 강화를 위한 구체적인 조치 권고
Further strengthen measures to promote women's empowerment여성 권한 증진 정책 강화 권고
Take measures to improve gender equality양성평등 개선을 위한 조치 권고
Strengthen its legislation in order to identify and amend discriminatory provisions against women, in particular those governing access to education and employment교육 및 고용에 대한 접근을 통제하는 여성 차별 조항을 선별 및 개정을 위한 법률 강화 권고
Review the Law on the Protection and Promotion of Women's Rights to ensure that all forms of gender-based violence against women in all spheres are criminalized전 영역에서 발생하는 여성에 대한 성 기반 폭력을 처벌할 수 있도록 하는 여성의 권리 보호 및 증진에 관한 법률 검토 권고
Consider reviewing its national laws on child protection, in order to cover all children under the age of 18 years and raise the minimum age of marriage to 18 years18세 미만의 모든 아이들을 대상으로, 결혼 최소 연령을 18세로 변경할 수 있도록 아동 보호에 관한 국내법 검토 권고
Recommending State
Fully comply with the principles and rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the two international covenants, the CRC and CEDAW, to which it is a party
Review its legal and administrative measures with a view to ensuring the dignity and better living conditions of the vulnerable groups, including women and children
Pass legislation specifically dealing with violence against women, including domestic violence, providing for prosecution of individuals committing acts of violence against women
United States of America
Increase the number of women in management posts and in decision-making processes and envisage establishing full legislative provisions to promote and protect the rights of women
Ensure that the rights of women, children and persons with disabilities are more effectively realized through the implementation of the strategy for the promotion of reproductive health, 2006- 2010, the national strategy for the prevention of AIDS, 2008-2012, the primary health care strategy, 2008-2012, the national action plan for the well-being for children, 2001-2010 and the comprehensive action plan for persons with disabilities, 2008-2012
Syrian Arab Republic
Invite the Special Rapporteur on violence against women and the Special Rapporteur on torture to visit the country and provide more extensive recommendations
United States of America
Strengthen its efforts to promote gender equality and the rights of women
Enact specific legislation to punish violence against women and establish structures for the protection of victims
Enhance protection of rights of women and children, in particular those in the most vulnerable situations
Take further measures to prohibit all forms of violence against children and women
Step up measures to comprehensively address the problem of trafficking and violence against women, including by increasing public awareness campaigns
Consider, as appropriate, increasing the percentage of representation of women in the supreme People's Assembly and other State decision-making bodies
Sri Lanka
Provide more opportunities for women to gain access to leading positions in both the political and economic spheres and strengthen funding and visibility of the national institutions that promote gender equality
Intensify its efforts to promote and protect the human rights of specific groups within society, such as women, children, disabled persons and the elderly, with a view to empowering them and alleviating their vulnerability
Implement regulations to protect women from torture and abuse in detention facilities, and hold female criminal offenders separately from men, guarded by female guards
United States of America
Create and adopt a law that specifically addresses trafficked persons in the country and abolish all practices of penalizing trafficked women and children for unlawfully exiting the country upon their deportation back to DPRK
Conduct thorough investigation of cases of the use of torture and other forms of cruel treatment, in particular cases of violence against women in the penitentiary system
Russian Federation
Immediately establish a system to prevent sexual violence against female prisoners
Enact national legislation to combat violence against women, including a definition of rape that applies to domestic rape and rape in detention centres
Enhance measures to address the issues of trafficking and violence against women, especially through awareness programmes and by strengthening the institutional and legal framework
Sri Lanka
Tackle impunity by investigating and timely prosecuting those responsible for acts of violence and human rights violations, in particular those committed by law enforcement and other authorities, and pay special attention to women and children to avoid that they are subjected to sexual abuse in detention
End State-sponsored discrimination based on the "songbun" system, as well as pervasive discrimination against women
United States of America
Take immediate measures to end discrimination against its citizens for the alleged sins of their grandparents under the songbun system, ensure gender equality in practice, and address violence against women and girls
Extend an invitation to the Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice to visit the country
Take concrete measures to improve conditions of detention by implementing the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules) and the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules)
Adopt legislation to criminalize trafficking, in accordance with international standards, and provide support for women survivors of trafficking
Intensify the fight against violence against women by: (a) introducing in the penal code a definition of violence against women, including rape and trafficking; (b) putting in place training programmes for law enforcement officials, magistrates and civil servants to identify, prevent and punish violence against women; and (c) prohibiting forced genital searches on repatriated women
Review laws, including the Law on the Protection and Promotion of Women's Rights, to include definitions of violence against women, including rape and trafficking of women
Take measures to criminalize marital rape and to prevent and punish domestic violence against women, including awareness campaigns, legal services, support and shelter for survivors
Step up the implementation of the Law on the Protection and Promotion of Women's Rights, and reform criminal legislation to clearly define and punish rape and trafficking of women
Establish a system to prevent sexual violence against women in detention
End the practice of forcing all married women to join the Socialist Women's Union of Korea, and the demand to provide unpaid labour as part of the membership
Acknowledge the existence of human rights violations and end all State-sanctioned practices that breach fundamental human rights, including arbitrary detention, torture, forced abortion and other sexual violence
New Zealand
Prohibit and effectively end exploitative practices that require women who support families through private economy to contribute quotas of goods, money and unpaid forced labour for the Government and military investments

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